Tuesday, August 22, 2017

The Reservation policy of India: needs to be amended

The Reservation policy of India: needs to be amended

· Reservation in India:

India’s reservation policy which launched in 1959 is the oldest such program in the world.

The idea of caste based reservation system was envisioned by William Hunter and Jyotirao Phule in various forms in 1882 and implemented by Chatrapati Sahuji in 1901. However, the reservation system that exists today, in its true sense, was introduced in 1933 when British Prime-Minister Ramsay Macdonald presented the ‘Communal Award’. This made a provision for separate electorates for Muslims, Sikhs, Indian Christians, Anglo-Indians, Europeans and the Dalits. This system was opposed by Mahatma Gandhi who even fasted in protest against it. But after India’s Independence, there were some major changes were made in for the STs, SCs and OBCs. One of the most important occurred in 1979 when the Mandal Commission was established to assess the situation of the socially and educationally backward classes.